Low-temperature Transport Properties of the n-type Layered Homologous Compounds Bi<sub>8-x</sub>Sb<sub>x</sub>Se<sub>7</sub> - Université de Limoges Accéder directement au contenu
Article Dans Une Revue Journal of Materials Chemistry C Année : 2020

Low-temperature Transport Properties of the n-type Layered Homologous Compounds Bi8-xSbxSe7

Pavan Kumar Ventrapati
  • Fonction : Auteur
Shantanu Misra
Anne Dauscher
Bertrand Lenoir
Christophe Candolfi

Résumé

Chalcogenide seChalcogenide semiconductors and semimetals are a historical fertile class of materials for discovering novel compounds for energy conversion applications, such as photovoltaic cells or thermoelectric devices. Here, we report on a detailed investigation of the low-temperature transport properties (5 – 300 K) of the n-type series Bi8-xSbxSe7 (0 <= x <= 2.4), the thermoelectric performances of which can be optimized around 300 K. The complex layered crystal structure, built up by Bi bilayers and quintuple Bi-Se layers stacked perpendicular to the c axis of the trigonal unit cell, gives rise to very low lattice thermal conductivity κL values on the order of 0.6 W m-1 K-1 at 300 K. Upon cooling, κL (T) exhibits a crystalline-like behavior with a well-defined dielectric maximum. Despite Sb and Bi are isovalent, both the thermopower α and the electrical resistivity ρ vary upon increasing the Sb content, possibly due to variations in the nature and concentration of native defects. Our results indicate the existence of two substitutional ranges, in which the evolution of the electronic properties with x are not equivalent. Combined with the poor ability of these materials to conduct heat, the high power factors, optimized for x = 1.6, result in a maximum dimensionless thermoelectric figure of merit ZT as high as 0.40 at 300 K, making these compounds competitive among n-type thermoelectric chalcogenides for near-room-temperature thermoelectric applications.
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Dates et versions

hal-03027391 , version 1 (27-11-2020)

Identifiants

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Pavan Kumar Ventrapati, Shantanu Misra, Gaëlle Delaizir, Anne Dauscher, Bertrand Lenoir, et al.. Low-temperature Transport Properties of the n-type Layered Homologous Compounds Bi8-xSbxSe7. Journal of Materials Chemistry C, 2020, 8 (40), pp.14037-14048. ⟨10.1039/D0TC03935G⟩. ⟨hal-03027391⟩
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