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Journal Articles Small Methods Year : 2023

Graphene‐Based Engineered Living Materials


With the rise of engineered living materials (ELMs) as innovative, sustainable and smart systems for diverse engineering and biological applications, global interest in advancing ELMs is on the rise. Graphene‐based nanostructures can serve as effective tools to fabricate ELMs. By using graphene‐based materials as building units and microorganisms as the designers of the end materials, next‐generation ELMs can be engineered with the structural properties of graphene‐based materials and the inherent properties of the microorganisms. However, some challenges need to be addressed to fully take advantage of graphene‐based nanostructures for the design of next‐generation ELMs. This work covers the latest advances in the fabrication and application of graphene‐based ELMs. Fabrication strategies of graphene‐based ELMs are first categorized, followed by a systematic investigation of the advantages and disadvantages within each category. Next, the potential applications of graphene‐based ELMs are covered. Moreover, the challenges associated with fabrication of next‐generation graphene‐based ELMs are identified and discussed. Based on a comprehensive overview of the literature, the primary challenge limiting the integration of graphene‐based nanostructures in ELMs is nanotoxicity arising from synthetic and structural parameters. Finally, we present possible design principles to potentially address these challenges.
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Dates and versions

hal-04246222 , version 1 (17-10-2023)



Ahmad Allahbakhsh, Nikolaj Gadegaard, Carmen Ruiz, Amin Shavandi. Graphene‐Based Engineered Living Materials. Small Methods, 2023, ⟨10.1002/smtd.202300930⟩. ⟨hal-04246222⟩
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