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Article Dans Une Revue Journal of Porous Materials Année : 2013

Potassium geopolymer foams made with silica fume pore forming agent for thermal insulation

Résumé

Porous potassium based geopolymers with a mutli-scale porosity were synthesized. Silica fume is introduced as an additive to the geopolymer formulation. The free silicon contained inside this silica fume is oxidized in alkaline solution, releasing molecular hydrogen which generates the porosity. Previous work has shown how the porosity can be controlled with temperature, repeated temperature cycles and the mass introduced. Using this protocol, homogeneous foams were made and then studied with scanning electron microscopy. In particular the foam expansion has been followed with time in relation to the microstructure. The thermal conductivity values of the foams were evaluated using a fluxmeter method. The effective thermal conductivities are comprised between 0.12 and 0.35 W m−1 K−1 for apparent densities ranging from 0.40 to 0.85 g cm−3. The corresponding calculated pore volume fractions are in the range of 65–85%. The interest of this material is that it combines the advantages of low bulk density and insulating properties with the characteristics of a geopolymer skeleton. Literature reports a very good fire and acid/base resistance, a low cost of production and the possibility of recycling industrial waste in the form of silica fume.

Domaines

Matériaux

Dates et versions

hal-01116473 , version 1 (13-02-2015)

Identifiants

Citer

Joseph Henon, Arnaud Alzina, Joseph Absi, David Stanley Smith, S. Rossignol. Potassium geopolymer foams made with silica fume pore forming agent for thermal insulation. Journal of Porous Materials, 2013, 20 (1), pp.37-46. ⟨10.1007/s10934-012-9572-3⟩. ⟨hal-01116473⟩
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