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Article Dans Une Revue Tropical Medicine & International Health Année : 2018

Determinants of primary healthcare seeking behaviours for children during the first 18 months of life in Benin

Résumé

Background: Primary healthcare is a key element of management of childhood illness in Africa. The objectives were to identify primary care seeking determinants among infants and young children up to 18 mo in a birth cohort from Benin. Methods: From 2007 to 2009 in Benin, a birth cohort was followed until the age of 18 mo in three health centres. Multilevel Poisson regression models were fitted to identify the factors related to the monthly number of consultations. Maternal and newborn characteristics and infant general health parameters were considered. Results: A total of 566 children were followed. On average, 0.46 consultations per month per child were recorded. The number of consultations was significantly lower after the first 6 mo of life (p<0.001). A distance >1000 m was associated with fewer consultations (p=0.01). Primiparity was significantly associated with higher care seeking (relative risk 1.17 [95% CI 1.05 to 1.30], p<0.01). No child characteristics at birth were significantly associated with the number of consultations (all p>0.16). Conclusions: Development of health structures and improvement of access remain important goals for strengthening of the primary care health system. Studying factors of care seeking behaviour, like parity, can help to identify women more prone to seek care for their child during the first year of life.

Dates et versions

hal-02047830 , version 1 (25-02-2019)

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Alice Brembilla, Jean-François Faucher, A. Garcia, A Koura, A Deloron, et al.. Determinants of primary healthcare seeking behaviours for children during the first 18 months of life in Benin. Tropical Medicine & International Health, 2018, 10 (4), pp.237-245. ⟨10.1093/inthealth/ihy020⟩. ⟨hal-02047830⟩
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